Ticks in Scotland - don't worry, but be aware.
Encountering ticks in Scotland is something to keep in mind, and not just if you head for the hills. Here are some tips to minimise your risks.
Ticks in Scotland
Ticks in Scotland are something you may want to bear in mind when you are here. Sometimes you hear that you are at risk from them only in the Scottish Highlands – but we have found these horrid little creatures in the Lowlands as well. (More to the point, they have found us.....)
There is not very much about them in tourism promotional literature. Yes, this is wildlife and an aspect of natural Scotland we’d rather not think about. To be frank, ticks give most of us the creeps....
How do I recognise ticks in Scotland?
I have just realised that I have pictures of lots of things with a Scottish theme – from tea cosies shaped like sporrans to haggis fingers. But I have never steeled myself to photograph ticks here in Scotland. (I’ll try to get one this season.) The header picture is of the Speyside Way, just west of Portgordon, on the Moray coast, and both the dog and I have come home with ticks from an adjacent field.
Actually, the last tick I got I found while in the shower and, trust me, you wouldn't have wanted a picture of where that one was. Anyway... A tick on the lookout for a blood meal is a very small and insignificant spider-like insect. In contrast, an engorged specimen, attached to you or your dog, is all too recognisable as an almost pea-sized shiny object, of a sort of mauve or dirty beige colour. If you find one on you, keep calm, as in.....
"How do I get the *!*@*!* thing off me?"
Look, I said, keep calm. It’s best to use a tick hook.
"But I haven’t got a *!*@*!* tick hook!"
No, that’s the problem for most of us. We must have bought dozens since we have had the dogs. We keep the hooks in a safe place, then two things happen. Firstly, we can’t remember the safe place and second, even if we did remember, it probably isn’t close to us when we need them, possibly out in the country with the infernal creature sucking the lifeblood out of one of us, or the pooch. The moral here is obvious, would't you say?
I thought you were trying to be helpful?
Just a second, it’s in the drawer somewhere......Anyway, you can buy these hooks on line right here, or from veterinary surgeries, pharmacies, even outdoor clothing retailers. A smooth rotating motion is necessary to make sure you get the beastie out cleanly. Rather worryingly, the health page with the link below says you should pull steadily without rotating, but I think that's when you are using tweezers. The tick hook people definitely say rotate. You definitely don’t want the whole sucking process to go into reverse during the operation. What I am trying to say is that you don’t want the blood back if the thing has ingested it. You know what? Even I don’t think I want to write any more on this aspect.....
Brave folk, such as our friend Veronica, tackle removal from dogs using only fingernails. If we happen to be with her at the time, we tend to scream and run away. You can also use tweezers. But proper tick-hooks are safest of all. That is what we prefer to use. However, the best advice is not to get the things on your skin in the first place. If you have been anywhere in the outdoors with longish vegetation – bracken is notorious - then check your clothing afterwards – say, before you get back into the car. Repeat: you are looking for very small spidery-like insects.
And cover up. Wear long sleeves etc; tuck your trousers into your socks. (NB It must be your socks. Tucking your trousers into anyone else’s socks is much less effective.)
How do I avoid ticks?
STAY ON PAVEMENTS AT ALL TIMES. SIT IN PUBS A LOT. No, seriously – and it is serious – I would repeat: don’t go brushing through heather, long grass or bracken with bare legs or arms. However, try explaining that to the dog. Maybe you want your faithful friend treated with preventative medication. We used to refer to it as ‘front-lining’ the dogs, after one of the brands. Treatments usually last for about a month. However, I should confess now that we don't use chemical treatments on our pets, as some of the treatments have been associated with fits and other side effects, especially in terriers. OK, the jury is out on that one, but if you are a pet owner I suggest you do some on-line research. Try putting "side effects of flea and tick medication" into your favourite search engine. But do this after you've read all of this page, will ya?
Personally, after a lifetime of striding around hill and glen, field and forest, I have had bites, oh, a few times. And Johanna once sat on the top of a cliff - the occasion is actually pictured above - enjoying views of a seabird colony and then later – oh, horror, she found a tick attached firmly to her side, below the waistband. So keep your shirt tucked in as well! (Which seabird colony, I hear you ask...well, Troup Head in Aberdeenshire, to be quite plain. Again, note, it wasn't amongst heathery Highland scenery.)
By the way, you might by now want to take a look at some tick-proof clothing and accessories.
Pictured here is a lush growth of vegetation in late summer. Typical tick habitat in Scotland. Photographed on Ulva, Mull, as it happens, but it could be anywhere. (Actually, this isn't fair. I never got a tick on Ulva!)
At the time, there is no pain with a bite, though the site can be itchy after removal. You don’t want redness, especially spreading redness, to result, in which case medical advice should be sought. (Again, I can remember removing one from the back of J’s arm. Two days later there certainly was a red linear patch from it. The doctor gave her antibiotics and also blood-tested her, on a ‘just-in-case' basis.) A small percentage of these insects carry Lyme Disease, an unpleasant illness with flu-like symptoms and worse.
While the worst place to find them is on you (obviously), I think the second-worst place to find them is at home on the carpet, swollen up. Then you just have to hope it fell off the dog and not you. Ticks are certainly not confined to Scotland – they are very widespread in other parts of Europe and beyond, but Scotland has a lot of wild country. (Note also the ones carrying tick-borne encephalitis are found on mainland Europe but NOT in Scotland.) Strangely enough, I roamed about the countryside as a boy and never once heard of ticks, but there is an increasing awareness of them today. The theory - or, at least, the story going the rounds - is that the milder winters in Scotland these days are allowing a greater number of ticks to survive. They don't get killed off and the result is higher numbers at the beginning of the season. Another symptom of global warming, perhaps?
When ticks are not spoiling your country break, they feed off a wide range of other animals, wild and domestic: sheep, hare, deer, foxes, etc, and can cause problems for the unnaturally high grouse populations on managed grouse moors as well.
The bottom line is: don’t for a moment let these insects put you off your enjoyment of the country here – but be aware and be sensible.
Here is a good information site about ticks in Scotland. (All you ever need to know, plus some pictures). And I found this information that even includes a map of places that have high densities of ticks in Scotland.
You’ll still visit though, won’t you? I've never picked up a tick, say, in Edinburgh.