Nessie – the Monster Legend – a vital tourism driver since 1933

Nessie was born in 1933, on a quiet week for the local paper. Since then the fame of the Loch Ness Monster phenomenon has gone round the world. But then so has Santa Claus and the monster is in the same category. Does it exist? Rational evidence says ‘folks, get a grip…’

Nessie – the Loch Ness Monster Phenomenon

Let’s take a look at this Nessie thing at the beginning of the modern phenomenon. How did this Loch Ness monster mania start? Go back to May 1933. It’s a quiet week on the local paper, the Inverness Courier.

But a local correspondent, who is also a water bailiff and knows the loch well, has written up a report.

It’s about a disturbance in the water of Loch Ness that had been seen by a couple, a Mr and Mrs Mackay.

They just happened to be running one of the hotels in Drumnadrochit, on the shores of the loch. (Hmmm. Local hoteliers, eh?)

They’d seen this hump-like thing that had taken off across the loch. The paper publishes with the little headline ‘Strange Spectacle on Loch Ness – What was it?’

Loch Ness from Fort Augustus end
Loch Ness from Fort Augustus end

Scottish Monster – How A Little Story Becomes A Big Story

It still happens today, though obviously social media has changed how the print media operates. 

But the bigger or national papers still scan the local papers for entertaining little stories and repeat them, sometimes with further embellishment and reporting.

Back in 1933, the monstrous hump soon became a monster.

The nationals took the piece. Feeding on itself, the news reports then generated more sightings, and hoaxers helped to keep the pot boiling. Soon the first expeditions were mounted.

Inverness Town Council was able to vote to reduce its tourism publicity budget for 1934. It was said at the time that an Automobile Association patrolman was able to create a loch-side traffic jam simply by pointing out to the loch.

Well? Is it? Take a look at this short video!
The Loch Ness Monster Real Phenomenon

The phenomenon’s most remarkable aspect is that, as a entertaining news topic, it was sustainable for so long, and in turn the whole Nessie business sustained so much of the local tourism economy of the Great Glen, for example, visitor centres all about Nessie.

The 1960s and 70s saw a peak of investigation and sheer numbers of cameras trained on the loch. The sightings, naturally, were in inverse proportion to the numbers of watchers and the focal length of the lenses they carried.

(I think someone should represent that mathematically, where ‘n’ is the unknown number as well as the unknown Nessie.)

This monster thing is big business

The Loch Ness Monster comes packaged with one huge advantage. Everyone would like it to be true. Small wonder it has attracted so many curious personalities to the loch over the years.

But it’s much bigger business than some guy selling hand-carved wooden beasties from a caravan by the shore. From loch-side exhibitions to boat cruise companies, this is big business. Just like Santa Claus.

Nessie is now an internationally used metaphor for something that is seen from time to time but whose existence is not proven. 

Noticeable, for instance in August of 2020, the glassy-eyed Donald Trump Jr, fruit of the loins of the Great Orange One, described his Democratic rival as ‘The Loch Ness Monster of the Swamp’. 

Obviously, Nessie will be sending the cease and desist letter soon, and not only because Loch Ness isn’t a swamp, it’s a very deep loch.

Hump effect, Loch Ness
Overlapping boat wakes, creating hump effect
Loch Ness wakes
Loch Ness wakes
Make Your Own Monster Photographs

These wakes are often created, though only by accident, by the cruise boats taking visitors out to enjoy Loch Ness and, possibly see the monster.

This is terribly easy. The first way is to wait around till you see overlapping boat wakes.

So it’s a bit ironic yet somehow apt. 

As two wakes cross each other you get these odd Nessie humps, easily photographed.

The second way is to photograph floating objects.

Here’s a fine example of a classic ‘lake monster’. To be honest, I wasn’t even at Loch Ness when I took this picture, but you get the idea.

The monster of Loch Tay
The monster of Loch Tay. Aye, right.

This is a picture of the Loch Ness Monster on holiday on Loch Tay in Perthshire.

Show the whole photograph of course and it’s just a tree branch – and a pretty small one at that! This ain’t no Nessie.

Loch Tay monster NOT
A tree branch in Loch Tay pretending to be a monster. Grim-looking day as well…!
Gull on Loch Ness
Gull on Loch Ness flying from left to right.
Flying gull making a Nessie shape
Flying gull, note dark wing forming neck shape..

The third way is to be photographing Loch Ness when something unexpected shows up on the picture,. (Cue spoo-ooky music.)

Like this tourist picture, reproduced here, taken some years ago.

The underside of the gull’s wing is transformed into a writhing neck. The bird is flying from left to right and has its wings upraised.

You can even make out the white tail and the white of the top surface of the other wing (below the ‘chin’ of the ‘monster’.)

I’m a birdwatcher and I can only see it as a gull – I have to concentrate to make it into a neck. It’s just how people perceive things. 

When you expect to see a monster – you’ll make one out of what you are seeing. 

Are you sure it’s a gull?

What do you mean, it sure looks like a neck to you? How much convincing are you going to take? It’s just not Nessie, OK?

In my own picture of a passing gull, the light isn’t striking it at quite the same angle as the ‘head and neck’ apparently pictured at Loch Ness, but you get the idea.

Surveying Loch Ness

I don’t know why I’m apologizing, but here’s another bucket of cold water over your romantic notions of loch monsters.

In 1910, Sir John Murray published the Bathymetrical Survey of the Freshwater Lochs of Scotland

This was a ground-breaking survey undertaken between 1897 and 1907 when just about every major water body in Scotland was sounded and sampled.

On Loch Ness, Sir John and his team took 1,700 soundings and a sediment collection from all depths. The team must have been on the loch for weeks. Does he mention a monster anywhere? Did he encounter Nessie?

Nope. Not a sign – just like the soldiers building the military road on the east side of the loch in the 18th century – and their use of gunpowder would surely have bothered a big beastie.

Basically, it’s only after the notion of a monster has been launched that ‘believers’ start hunting for supporting ‘evidence’ and ignoring inconvenient facts. 

So What Else Explains The ‘Monster’ Sightings At Loch Ness?

Aside from these examples, everything else that’s ever been seen or photographed on Loch Ness is explained by either a swimming red deer stag, a line of cormorants, an otter or a family of otters, floating logs and so on.

Oh, wait, then there’s a small boat very far away, a badly photographed dog swimming with a stick (yes, true!) or any one of the previous seen under mirage conditions when it’s still and warm.

Alternatively, it’s an object put in the water as a deliberate hoax – like the famous ‘surgeon’s photograph’ with its classic head and neck.

The autumn of 2019 found a a New Zealand academic analysing the loch and finding that the waters had plenty of eels. With much solemnity, it was announced that Nessie was therefore possibly, just possibly, a giant eel.

(In which case, why aren’t there giant eels in other Scottish lochs containing everyday eels?)

So, enjoy the fun. But don’t take it seriously.

There are plenty of reasons for taking an excursion to Loch Ness from Inverness. But seeing a large family of animals unknown to science isn’t one of them.

The Scottish Bigfoot
The Scottish Bigfoot
The Scottish Bigfoot – ‘Mucklefit’

I’m sorry. Look, would my photograph of the Scottish Bigfoot cheer you up? If so, here he is. 

I saw him in the woods a few years back and was just able to get a shaky shot before the light went…, I’m not going to say exactly where, as I don’t want a visitor centre and a rush of visitors.

It’s a nice quiet spot at the moment.  If my Nessie bad attitude has damaged part of your personal belief system, I’m sorry. Perhaps you’d like to take a look at some more mysteries in haunted Scotland.

Bigfoot in Scotland - 'Mucklefit'.
Bigfoot in Scotland – ‘Mucklefit’.

Finally, if you’re not sure if you should take in Loch Ness or Loch Lomond on your wanderings in Scotland, here’s a comparison between the two. 

The shopping is better at Loch Lomond, at least at the south end!